Cured Meat Consumption, Lung Function and Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Among US Adults.

Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2007 Jan 25;
Jiang R, Paik DC, Hankinson JL, Barr RG.
Division of General Medicine, Department of Medicine, College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA.

RATIONALE: Cured meats are high in nitrites. Nitrites generate reactive nitrogen species that may cause nitrative and nitrosative damage to the lung resulting in emphysema.

OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that frequent consumption of cured meats is associated with lower lung function and increased odds of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).

METHODS: Cross-sectional study of 7,352 participants in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey III, 45 years of age or more who had adequate measures of cured meat, fish, fruit, and vegetable intake and spirometry.

RESULTS: After adjustment for age, smoking, and multiple other potential confounders, frequency of cured meat consumption was inversely associated with FEV1 and FEV1/FVC but not FVC. The adjusted differences in FEV1 between individuals who did not consume cured meats and those who consumed cured meats 1-2, 3-4, 5-13, and >/=14 times/month were -37.6, -11.5, -42.0, and -110 mL, respectively (P for trend<0.001). Corresponding differences for FEV1/FVC were -0.91, -0.54, -1.13, and -2.13 % (P for trend=0.001). These associations were not modified by smoking status. The multivariate odds ratio for COPD (FEV1/FVC
CONCLUSIONS: Frequent cured meat consumption was associated independently with an obstructive pattern of lung function and increased odds of COPD. Additional studies are required to determine if cured meat consumption is a causal risk factor for COPD.




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